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 Translation of Medical Terms - Mandarin

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PostSubject: Translation of Medical Terms - Mandarin   Mon Feb 02, 2009 7:18 am

Due to the success of the Polish interpretation of the standard medical terms we have now decided to get the Mandarin translation. sunny

Please find below a list of standard medical terms. As per the email sent to you, please provide your own translation for these terms as we are hoping to come up with a standard document in several languages. confused

The Medical terms we require to be translated are listed in bold on the left hand side of the page and there is a definition next to some in brackets should you need further clarification on what it actually means in English.

Please feel free to post a comment on the forum if you need any help as that is what it is here for!! Very Happy

Unfortunately there is no option of uploading a file on to the forum as yet so you can either post your translations on here or you can email a copy back to us at the office (for the attention of Jenny ) Please bear in mind that if you post your translations onto the forum, it gives others the opportunity to comment and correct any errors which is the whole point of this exercise!

VACCINES AND INJECTIONS
DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough))
PCV (Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine= agains pneumococcal infection that causes meningitis, ear infections, (otitis), pneumonia)
HIBb (Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a bacteria responsible for severe pneumonia, meningitis and other invasive diseases almost exclusively in children aged less than 5 years)
MenC (Protects against meningitis and septicaemia)
MMR (Measles, mumps and rubella)
IVP (Injection against the infection with the polio virus (infantile paralysis))
BCG (Vaccine against tuberculosis)
HepB (Vaccine against hepatitis B, to children whose mothers are Hepatitis B positive)

DISEASES/MEDICAL WORDS
A
Amenorrhea (Stopping of menstruation)
Amniotic sac (A protective, fluid-filled bag that surrounds the fetus)
Angina (Pain (due to an inadequate supply of blood) in the chest, brought on by exertion and relieved by rest- a narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle)
Antenatal (Prenatal)
Anti D (Injection for women with Rhesus negative)
Atherosclerosis (Accumulation of cholesterol and other fatty substances in the walls of arteries, causing them to narrow)

B
Blackout (temporary loss of consciousness or vision)
Bladder
Blood count (Test for the blood to check the red and/or white cells)
Blood pressure cuff(The pad that goes round one’s arm when BP is taken)
Bowels (the intestine)
Breakdown of a substance
Breech birth (The fetus presents buttocks first)

C
Cerumen (Ear wax)
Cervical smear test (is a screening test which allows doctors to predict those women who are likely to develop cancer of the neck of the womb (carcinoma of the cervix) in time to prevent it developing)
Cervix (Neck of the womb)
Chickenpox (a disease, commonly of children, caused by the varicella zoster virus and characterized by mild headache and fever, malaise, and eruption of blisters on the skin and mucous membranes)
Collapse (To fall with your face downwards)
Compulsive need
Convulsion (contortion of the body caused by violent, involuntary muscular contractions of the extremities, trunk, and head)
Coronary angiography (A test to image narrowed arteries with the help of a catheter and contrast dye)
Cramps (a sudden, involuntary, spasmodic contraction of a muscle or group of muscles)
C-section (Caesarean section) (The baby is delivered through an incision through the mother’s abdomen)

D
Depression (a low state of vital powers or functional activity)
Diphtheria (a febrile, infectious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and characterized by the formation of a false membrane in the air passages, esp. the throat)
Disorder (An ailment that affects the function of mind or body)
Drug abuse (Excessive use of drugs)

E
Ectopic pregnancy (Pregnancy developed outside the uterus)
Embryo (The developing baby during the first 8 weeks)
Episiotomy (An incision made in the perineum to enlarge the birth opening and prevent a ragged tear)
Erysipelas (A contagious disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissues due to infection with a streptococcus – with redness and swelling of the skin)
Erythema multiforme (Redness of the skin due to congestion of capillaries)
Exertion (Physical effort)
Express milk (to press or squeeze out)

F
Failure Kidney failure (A decline in strength or effectiveness of an organ)
Fetal distress (Physical stress experienced by a fetus during labour due to lack of oxygen)
Fetus (the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after conception to the moment of birth)
Fit (a sudden, acute attack or manifestation of a disease, esp. one marked by convulsions or unconsciousness: a fit of epilepsy)
Full term pregnancy

G
Gall bladder (a pear-shaped, muscular sac attached to the undersurface of the right lobe of the liver, in which bile is stored and concentrated)
Gums (he firm, fleshy tissue covering the alveolar parts of either jaw and enveloping the necks of the teeth)
Groin (The fold or hollow on either side of the front of the body where the thigh joins the abdomen)

H
Hay fever (a type of allergic rhinitis affecting the mucous membranes of the eyes and respiratory tract, caused by pollen and other plants)
Heartburn (an uneasy burning sensation in the stomach, typically extending toward the esophagus, and sometimes associated with the eructation of an acid fluid)
Hepatitis A (The most benign, an inflammation of the liver cells – leaves no long-term side effects)
Hepatitis B (caused by HBV (hepatitis virus B))
History (medical) (the case history of a medical patient as recalled by the patient)
Hyperemesis (Severe vomiting during pregnancy with inability to keep any food or fluids down)

I
Impairment Renal impairment (To weaken or damage)
Influenza (An acute contagious viral infection characterized by inflammation of the respiratory tract and by fever, chills, muscular pain, and prostration)
Inguinal hernia (a common type of hernia in which a loop of the intestine protrudes directly through a weak area of the abdominal wall in the groin region)
Inpatient (a patient who stays in a hospital while receiving medical care or treatment)
Intake
Irritation (A condition of inflammation, soreness, or irritability of a bodily organ or part.)

J
Jaundice (yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes, etc., due to an increase of bile pigments in the blood, often symptomatic of certain diseases, as hepatitis)
Joint


K
Knee jerk (Involuntary movement of the muscle)

L
Labour (before birth) (concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child)

M
Mastitis (Painful inflammation of breast tissue, usually due to an overfilling of the breast with milk)
Measles (An eruptive disease mostly in children, with red spots)
Miscarriage (The expulsion of a fetus before its due time)
Morbidity/ Source of morbidity (The rate of incidence of a disease.)
Mumps (An inflammatory disease, characterised by swelling of the parotid and salivary glands)
Myocardial infarction (Loss of blood supply to part of the heart due to a blockage in the coronary artery – heart attack)
Mid-stream urine
Mitral valve prolapse
Mottled (to mark or diversify with spots or blotches of a different color or shade)

N
Nasal polyps (a projecting growth from a mucous surface, as of the nose, being either a tumor or a hypertrophy of the mucous membrane)
Neonate (New born)
Nocturia (Excessive urination at night)
Notification (Official registration)

O
Operating theatre
Outpatient treatment (Treatment in hospital for a patient who is not hospitalized.)

P
Pass urine/a kidney stone (to discharge or void from the body, as excrement or a kidney stone)
Pathogen (Any disease-producing agent)
Pertussis (A highly contagious disease of the respiratory system, usually affecting children, that is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis and is characterized in its advanced stage by spasms of coughing interspersed with deep, noisy inspirations)
Postnatal (After birth)
Prostration (extreme physical weakness or exhaustion)

R
Rectum
Referral to hospital (A paper given by the GP to send one to hospital)
Rubella (a usually mild contagious viral disease characterized by fever, mild upper respiratory congestion, and a fine red rash lasting a few days: if contracted by a woman during early pregnancy, it may cause serious damage to the fetus)
Rash (A skin eruption)
RhD positive (Rhesus factor positive) (Individuals either have or don’t have the Rhesus factor (or Rh D antigen) on the surface of their red blood cells. This is usually indicated by 'RhD positive' (does have the RhD antigen) or 'RhD negative' (does not have the antigen))
RhD negative

S
Sanitation (the development and application of sanitary measures for the sake of cleanliness, protecting health;the disposal of sewage and solid waste)
Seizure (A sudden attack, spasm, or convulsion, as in epilepsy or another disorder)
Smallpox
Sore/soreness (physically painful or sensitive)
Specimen of urine
Starch
Stillbirth (The delivery of a dead fetus after week 20 of the pregnancy)
Stroke (Also called apoplexy, cerebrovascular accident. Pathology. a blockage or hemorrhage of a blood vessel leading to the brain, causing inadequate oxygen supply and, depending on the extent and location of the abnormality, such symptoms as weakness, paralysis of parts of the body, speech difficulties, and, if severe, loss of consciousness or death)
Stupor (suspension or great diminution of sensibility, as in disease or as caused by narcotics, intoxicants)

T
Tachycardia (Recurrent episodes of rapid heart rate)
Tenderness (Pain)
Terminal illness
Termination of pregnancy
Tetanus (an infectious, often fatal disease caused by a specific bacterium that enters the body through wounds and characterized by respiratory paralysis and tonic spasms and rigidity of the voluntary muscles, esp. those of the neck and lower jaw)
The baby doesn’t THRIVE (Doesn’t develop)
Tonsillitis (Inflammation of the tonsils)
Twitch (a quick, jerky movement of the body or of some part of it, involuntary, spasmodic movement of a muscle)

U
Ultrasound (The use of ultrasonic waves for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, specifically to image an internal body structure, monitor a developing fetus, or generate localized deep heat to the tissues.)


W
Wheeze (to breathe with difficulty and with a whistling sound)
Withdrawal symptom (Need to withdraw from social encounters)



**WOULD THE FOLLOWING STILL BE THE SAME IN ANY LANGUAGE?** scratch

ACRONYMS
BP (Blood pressure)
BTW (Birth weight)
CAD *Coronary artery diseaseNarrowing of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the muscles)
CT (Computerised tomography)
CSC-section (Cesarian sectionan operation by which a fetus is taken from the uterus by cutting through the walls of the abdomen and uterus)
CVA (Cardiovascular accident)
CVC (Cardiovascular)
EFG (Encephalogram)
ECG (Electrocardiogram)
ENT (Ear, nose, throat)
FPC (Family planning clinic)
GIS (Gastro intestinal system)
GUS (Genito urinary system)
IVF (In vitro fertilisation)
MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)
OM (Otitis media)
PMB (Postmenopausal bleeding)
PND (Postnatal depression)
PROM (Premature rupture of membranes)
RS (Respiratory system)
RTA (Road traffic accident)
SEN (State enrolled nurse)
VD (Venereal disease = arising from, connected with, or transmitted through sexual intercourse, as an infection.)
XR (x-ray)

THANKS FOR TAKING A LOOK - HOPE TO HEAR FROM YOU SOON afro
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PostSubject: Translation of Terms Emailed to Global Office   Tue Mar 24, 2009 3:28 am

VACCINES AND INJECTIONS
DTaP 白百破疫苗 (白喉,破伤风,百日咳)
PCV (Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) 肺炎球菌疫苗
HIBb (Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) B型流感嗜血杆菌疫苗
MenC (Protects against meningitis and septicaemia) 预防脑膜炎和败血症的疫苗
MMR 麻疹,腮腺炎和风疹疫苗
IVP (Injection against the infection with the polio virus (infantile paralysis)) 预防脊髓灰质炎病毒的疫苗
BCG 结核疫苗
HepB 乙肝疫苗

DISEASES/MEDICAL WORDS
A
Amenorrhea 闭经
Amniotic sac 羊膜囊 (包裹在胎儿外的膜)
Angina 心绞痛
Antenatal 产前的
Anti D 一种免疫治疗(针剂)恒河猴因子阴性的病人
Atherosclerosis 动脉硬化

B
Blackout 晕厥
Bladder 膀胱
Blood count 血常规 (验血红白细胞数)
Blood pressure cuff血压计绑在手臂上的部分
Bowels 肠
Breakdown of a substance 物质分解
Breech birth 胎位倒置(通常头向下,在此指臀向下)

C
Cerumen 耳垢
Cervical smear test 宫颈涂片检测(检测子宫颈癌)
Cervix 子宫颈
Chickenpox 水痘
Collapse 晕倒
Compulsive need 必不可少的需要
Convulsion 惊厥/抽搐
Coronary angiography 冠状动脉造影 (心脏功能检测)
Cramps 绞痛/痛性痉挛
C-section 剖腹产


D
Depression 抑郁症
Diphtheria 白喉 (与百日咳一样,几乎已绝迹)
Disorder 失常
Drug abuse 吸毒

E
Ectopic pregnancy 异位妊娠
Embryo 胚胎
Episiotomy 外阴切开术 (分娩时)
Erysipelas 丹毒
Erythema multiforme 多形性红斑
Exertion 活动 (不是运动)
Express milk 挤奶

F
Failure Kidney failure:肾衰
Fetal distress 胎儿窘迫症 (生产过程中因缺氧引起的胎儿损伤或死亡)
Fetus 胎儿
Fit 一阵/一次
Full term pregnancy: 足月生产 (9个月/40周)

G
Gall bladder: 胆
Gums 牙龈
Groin 腹股沟

H
Hay fever 花粉症 (过敏症状,通常因花粉或植物引起)
Heartburn 灼烧感
Hepatitis A 甲肝
Hepatitis B 乙肝
History (medical) 病史
Hyperemesis 剧吐

I
Impairment Renal impairment 肾损
Influenza 流感
Inguinal hernia 腹股沟疝
Inpatient 住院病人
Intake 食入/吸入/喝入量
Irritation 刺激

J
Jaundice 黄疸
Joint 关节


K
Knee jerk 膝腱反射 (神经科的检查)

L
Labour 分娩

M
Mastitis 乳腺炎
Measles 麻疹
Miscarriage 流产
Morbidity/ Source of morbidity 患病率
Mumps 腮腺炎
Myocardial infarction 心血管梗阻
Mid-stream urine 中尿(小便的中断)
Mitral valve prolapse 二尖瓣脱垂 (心脏的一个瓣膜脱垂)
Mottled 斑状的/斑状阴影的

N
Nasal polyps 鼻息肉
Neonate 新生儿
Nocturia 夜尿症
Notification 通告

O
Operating theatre 手术室
Outpatient treatment 门症

P
Pass urine/a kidney stone 小便/排除肾结石
Pathogen 病源
Pertussis 百日咳 (流行病, 常见于小儿,现每个新生儿都会打疫苗,所以基本已绝迹)
Postnatal 产后的
Prostration 衰竭/虚脱

R
Rectum 直肠
Referral to hospital 转去医院
Rubella 风疹
Rash 红疹
RhD positive (Rhesus factor positive) 恒河猴因子阳性 
RhD negative 恒河猴因子阴性 (Rh是一种血型分类,另外一种常用的是ABO血型)

S
Sanitation 环境卫生
Seizure 癫间发作
Smallpox 天花
Sore/soreness 酸痛/疼痛
Specimen of urine 尿样
Starch 淀粉
Stillbirth 死产
Stroke 中风
Stupor 昏迷

T
Tachycardia 心律加速
Tenderness 痛
Terminal illness 临终
Termination of pregnancy 终止妊娠
Tetanus 破伤风
The baby doesn’t THRIVE 宝宝停止不长
Tonsillitis 扁桃体炎
Twitch 抽搐/抽筋


U
Ultrasound 超声检查


W
Wheeze 哮鸣音 (通常哮喘病人呼吸时的声音)
Withdrawal symptom 戒断症状/反跳反应 (停止治疗后,症状恢复初始状态或比治疗前更严重)



**WOULD THE FOLLOWING STILL BE THE SAME IN ANY LANGUAGE?**

ACRONYMS
BP 血压
BTW 出生体重
CAD 冠状动脉病
CT CT
CSC-section 剖腹产
CVA 心血管病
CVC 心血管的
EFG 脑X线图
ECG 心电图
ENT 五官科
FPC (Family planning clinic)
GIS 消化系统
GUS 生殖科
IVF 试管婴儿
MRI 核磁共振
OM 中耳炎
PMB 绝经后出血
PND 产后抑郁症
PROM (Premature rupture of membranes) 胎膜早破
RS 呼吸系统
RTA 交通事故
SEN (State enrolled nurse)
VD (Venereal disease) 性病
XR X光
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PostSubject: Note regarding training course   Tue Mar 31, 2009 9:23 am

BY NOW ALL GLASGOW INTERPRETERS SHOULD HAVE BEEN EMAILED ABOUT THE POLICE INTERPRETING COURSE THAT IS RUNNING. TIME IS RUNNING OUT TO REGISTER YOUR INTEREST IF YOU HAVE NOT DONE SO ALREADY!! bom

Please contact Jenny at the office if you would like to attend.
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PostSubject: Re: Translation of Medical Terms - Mandarin   Today at 9:15 am

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