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 Translation of Standard Terms - Polish

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PostSubject: Translation of Standard Terms - Polish   Wed Jan 28, 2009 5:41 am

Please find below a list of standard medical terms. As per the email sent to you, please provide your own translation for these terms as we are hoping to come up with a standard document in several languages. Polish first. One thing at a time!! Very Happy

The Medical terms we require to be translated are listed in bold on the left hand side of the page and there is a definition next to some in brackets should you need further clarification on what it actually means in English.

Please feel free to post a comment on the forum if you need any help as that is what it is here for!! bounce

Unfortunately there is no option of uploading a file on to the forum as yet so you can either post your translations on here or you can email a copy back to us at the office (for the attention of Jenny Razz ) Please bear in mind that if you post your translations onto the forum, it gives others the opportunity to comment and correct any errors which is the whole point of this exercise! Wink

VACCINES AND INJECTIONS
DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough))
PCV (Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine= agains pneumococcal infection that causes meningitis, ear infections, (otitis), pneumonia)
HIBb (Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a bacteria responsible for severe pneumonia, meningitis and other invasive diseases almost exclusively in children aged less than 5 years)
MenC (Protects against meningitis and septicaemia)
MMR (Measles, mumps and rubella)
IVP (Injection against the infection with the polio virus (infantile paralysis))
BCG (Vaccine against tuberculosis)
HepB (Vaccine against hepatitis B, to children whose mothers are Hepatitis B positive)

DISEASES/MEDICAL WORDS
A
Amenorrhea (Stopping of menstruation)
Amniotic sac (A protective, fluid-filled bag that surrounds the fetus)
Angina (Pain (due to an inadequate supply of blood) in the chest, brought on by exertion and relieved by rest- a narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle)
Antenatal (Prenatal)
Anti D (Injection for women with Rhesus negative)
Atherosclerosis (Accumulation of cholesterol and other fatty substances in the walls of arteries, causing them to narrow)

B
Blackout (temporary loss of consciousness or vision)
Bladder
Blood count (Test for the blood to check the red and/or white cells)
Blood pressure cuff(The pad that goes round one’s arm when BP is taken)
Bowels (the intestine)
Breakdown of a substance
Breech birth (The fetus presents buttocks first)

C
Cerumen (Ear wax)
Cervical smear test (is a screening test which allows doctors to predict those women who are likely to develop cancer of the neck of the womb (carcinoma of the cervix) in time to prevent it developing)
Cervix (Neck of the womb)
Chickenpox (a disease, commonly of children, caused by the varicella zoster virus and characterized by mild headache and fever, malaise, and eruption of blisters on the skin and mucous membranes)
Collapse (To fall with your face downwards)
Compulsive need
Convulsion (contortion of the body caused by violent, involuntary muscular contractions of the extremities, trunk, and head)
Coronary angiography (A test to image narrowed arteries with the help of a catheter and contrast dye)
Cramps (a sudden, involuntary, spasmodic contraction of a muscle or group of muscles)
C-section (Caesarean section) (The baby is delivered through an incision through the mother’s abdomen)

D
Depression (a low state of vital powers or functional activity)
Diphtheria (a febrile, infectious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and characterized by the formation of a false membrane in the air passages, esp. the throat)
Disorder (An ailment that affects the function of mind or body)
Drug abuse (Excessive use of drugs)

E
Ectopic pregnancy (Pregnancy developed outside the uterus)
Embryo (The developing baby during the first 8 weeks)
Episiotomy (An incision made in the perineum to enlarge the birth opening and prevent a ragged tear)
Erysipelas (A contagious disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissues due to infection with a streptococcus – with redness and swelling of the skin)
Erythema multiforme (Redness of the skin due to congestion of capillaries)
Exertion (Physical effort)
Express milk (to press or squeeze out)

F
Failure Kidney failure (A decline in strength or effectiveness of an organ)
Fetal distress (Physical stress experienced by a fetus during labour due to lack of oxygen)
Fetus (the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after conception to the moment of birth)
Fit (a sudden, acute attack or manifestation of a disease, esp. one marked by convulsions or unconsciousness: a fit of epilepsy)
Full term pregnancy

G
Gall bladder (a pear-shaped, muscular sac attached to the undersurface of the right lobe of the liver, in which bile is stored and concentrated)
Gums (he firm, fleshy tissue covering the alveolar parts of either jaw and enveloping the necks of the teeth)
Groin (The fold or hollow on either side of the front of the body where the thigh joins the abdomen)

H
Hay fever (a type of allergic rhinitis affecting the mucous membranes of the eyes and respiratory tract, caused by pollen and other plants)
Heartburn (an uneasy burning sensation in the stomach, typically extending toward the esophagus, and sometimes associated with the eructation of an acid fluid)
Hepatitis A (The most benign, an inflammation of the liver cells – leaves no long-term side effects)
Hepatitis B (caused by HBV (hepatitis virus B))
History (medical) (the case history of a medical patient as recalled by the patient)
Hyperemesis (Severe vomiting during pregnancy with inability to keep any food or fluids down)

I
Impairment Renal impairment (To weaken or damage)
Influenza (An acute contagious viral infection characterized by inflammation of the respiratory tract and by fever, chills, muscular pain, and prostration)
Inguinal hernia (a common type of hernia in which a loop of the intestine protrudes directly through a weak area of the abdominal wall in the groin region)
Inpatient (a patient who stays in a hospital while receiving medical care or treatment)
Intake
Irritation (A condition of inflammation, soreness, or irritability of a bodily organ or part.)

J
Jaundice (yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes, etc., due to an increase of bile pigments in the blood, often symptomatic of certain diseases, as hepatitis)
Joint


K
Knee jerk (Involuntary movement of the muscle)

L
Labour (before birth) (concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child)
scratch
M
Mastitis (Painful inflammation of breast tissue, usually due to an overfilling of the breast with milk)
Measles (An eruptive disease mostly in children, with red spots)
Miscarriage (The expulsion of a fetus before its due time)
Morbidity/ Source of morbidity (The rate of incidence of a disease.)
Mumps (An inflammatory disease, characterised by swelling of the parotid and salivary glands)
Myocardial infarction (Loss of blood supply to part of the heart due to a blockage in the coronary artery – heart attack)
Mid-stream urine
Mitral valve prolapse
Mottled (to mark or diversify with spots or blotches of a different color or shade)

N
Nasal polyps (a projecting growth from a mucous surface, as of the nose, being either a tumor or a hypertrophy of the mucous membrane)
Neonate (New born)
Nocturia (Excessive urination at night)
Notification (Official registration)

O
Operating theatre
Outpatient treatment (Treatment in hospital for a patient who is not hospitalized.)

P
Pass urine/a kidney stone (to discharge or void from the body, as excrement or a kidney stone)
Pathogen (Any disease-producing agent)
Pertussis (A highly contagious disease of the respiratory system, usually affecting children, that is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis and is characterized in its advanced stage by spasms of coughing interspersed with deep, noisy inspirations)
Postnatal (After birth)
Prostration (extreme physical weakness or exhaustion)

R
Rectum
Referral to hospital (A paper given by the GP to send one to hospital)
Rubella (a usually mild contagious viral disease characterized by fever, mild upper respiratory congestion, and a fine red rash lasting a few days: if contracted by a woman during early pregnancy, it may cause serious damage to the fetus)
Rash (A skin eruption)
RhD positive (Rhesus factor positive) (Individuals either have or don’t have the Rhesus factor (or Rh D antigen) on the surface of their red blood cells. This is usually indicated by 'RhD positive' (does have the RhD antigen) or 'RhD negative' (does not have the antigen))
RhD negative

S
Sanitation (the development and application of sanitary measures for the sake of cleanliness, protecting health;the disposal of sewage and solid waste)
Seizure (A sudden attack, spasm, or convulsion, as in epilepsy or another disorder)
Smallpox
Sore/soreness (physically painful or sensitive)
Specimen of urine
Starch
Stillbirth (The delivery of a dead fetus after week 20 of the pregnancy)
Stroke (Also called apoplexy, cerebrovascular accident. Pathology. a blockage or hemorrhage of a blood vessel leading to the brain, causing inadequate oxygen supply and, depending on the extent and location of the abnormality, such symptoms as weakness, paralysis of parts of the body, speech difficulties, and, if severe, loss of consciousness or death)
Stupor (suspension or great diminution of sensibility, as in disease or as caused by narcotics, intoxicants)

T
Tachycardia (Recurrent episodes of rapid heart rate)
Tenderness (Pain)
Terminal illness
Termination of pregnancy
Tetanus (an infectious, often fatal disease caused by a specific bacterium that enters the body through wounds and characterized by respiratory paralysis and tonic spasms and rigidity of the voluntary muscles, esp. those of the neck and lower jaw)
The baby doesn’t THRIVE (Doesn’t develop)
Tonsillitis (Inflammation of the tonsils)
Twitch (a quick, jerky movement of the body or of some part of it, involuntary, spasmodic movement of a muscle)

U
Ultrasound (The use of ultrasonic waves for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, specifically to image an internal body structure, monitor a developing fetus, or generate localized deep heat to the tissues.)


W
Wheeze (to breathe with difficulty and with a whistling sound)
Withdrawal symptom (Need to withdraw from social encounters)



**WOULD THE FOLLOWING STILL BE THE SAME IN ANY LANGUAGE?** cheers

ACRONYMS
BP (Blood pressure)
BTW (Birth weight)
CAD *Coronary artery diseaseNarrowing of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the muscles)
CT (Computerised tomography)
CSC-section (Cesarian sectionan operation by which a fetus is taken from the uterus by cutting through the walls of the abdomen and uterus)
CVA (Cardiovascular accident)
CVC (Cardiovascular)
EFG (Encephalogram)
ECG (Electrocardiogram)
ENT (Ear, nose, throat)
FPC (Family planning clinic)
GIS (Gastro intestinal system)
GUS (Genito urinary system)
IVF (In vitro fertilisation)
MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)
OM (Otitis media)
PMB (Postmenopausal bleeding)
PND (Postnatal depression)
PROM (Premature rupture of membranes)
RS (Respiratory system)
RTA (Road traffic accident)
SEN (State enrolled nurse)
VD (Venereal disease = arising from, connected with, or transmitted through sexual intercourse, as an infection.)
XR (x-ray)

THANKS FOR TAKING A LOOK - HOPE TO HEAR FROM YOU SOON flower
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stoda



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PostSubject: Polish for DTaP   Fri Jan 30, 2009 5:16 am

1. Szczepionka DTaP (All Polish doctors know this term) or
2. Szczepionka przeciwko dyfterytowi, tężcowi i kokluszowi.
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PostSubject: Polish for PCV   Fri Jan 30, 2009 5:21 am

1. Szczepionka PCV, or
2. Szczepionka przeciwko pneumokokom.
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PostSubject: Vaccines and injections   Fri Jan 30, 2009 5:41 am

HiBb - szczepionka przeciwko zakażeniu Haemophilus influenzae typu b or szczepionka HiBb
MenC -szczepionka przeciwko meningitis C or szczepionka MenC
MMR - szczepionka przeciwko śwince, odrze i różyczce or szczepionka MMR
IVP - szczepionka przeciwko polio
BCG - szczepionka przeciwgruźlicza
HepB - szcepionka przeciwko zapaleniu wątroby typu B
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PostSubject: Polish for diseases/medical words   Fri Jan 30, 2009 6:06 am

Amenorrhea - menopauza
Amniotic sac - worek owodniowy
Angina - dusznica bolesna (the description tells us that it is the angina on effort so the Polish translation should be rather - dusznica bolesna wysiłkowa
Antenatal - przedporodowy or prenatalny
Anti D - szczepionka anti D
Artheriosclerosis - miażdżyca or miażdżyca tetnic. (The English term in the post is misspelled)
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PostSubject: B   Fri Jan 30, 2009 8:04 am

Blackout - utrata przytomności
Bladder - pęcherz (moczowy)
Blood count - liczba krwinek w 1mm sześciennym krwi.
Blood pressure cuff - mankiet ciśnieniomierza
Bowels - jelita
Breakdown of a substance - rozpad substancji? (depends on context, I think)
Breech birth - Poród pośladkowy
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PostSubject: C   Sun Feb 01, 2009 3:46 pm

Cerumen woskowina (uszna)
Cervical smear test wymaz z szyjki macicy
Cervix szyjka macicy
Chickenpox ospa wietrzna
Collapse zapaść
Compulsive need natręctwo
Convulsion drgawki, konwulsje
Coronary angiography badanie diagnostyczne służące zobrazowaniu naczyń wieńcowych (przy użyciu kontrastu)
Cramps skórcze mięśni
C-section (Caesarean section) Cesarskie cięcie


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PostSubject: D   Sun Feb 01, 2009 4:02 pm

Depression depresja
Diphtheria błonica, dyfteryt
Disorder zaburzenie (we właściwym funkcjonowaniu)
Drug abuse nadużywanie leków


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PostSubject: E   Sun Feb 01, 2009 4:19 pm

Ectopic pregnancy ciąża pozamaciczna
Embryo embrion, zarodek (ludzki w pierwszych 8 tyg ciąży)
Episiotomy nacięcie krocza (podczas porodu)
Erysipelas róża (choroba skóry)
Erythema multiforme rumień wielopostaciowy
Exertion wysiłek fizyczny
Express milk wycisnąć mleko (chodzi tutaj o wyciskanie mleka podczas karmienia piersia)


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PostSubject: F   Sun Feb 01, 2009 4:27 pm

Failure Kidney niewydolność nerek
Fetal distress zagrożenie płodu (podczas porodu na skutek braku tlenu)
Fetus płód (nienarodzone dziecko od 8 tyg ciąży do dnia porodu)
Fit atak, napad (choroby) or fits drgawki, konwulsje
Full-term pregnancy ciąża donoszona


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PostSubject: G   Sun Feb 01, 2009 4:32 pm

Gall bladder woreczek(pęcherzyk) żółciowy
Groin pachwina
Gums dziąsła


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PostSubject: H   Sun Feb 01, 2009 4:45 pm

Hay fever gorączka/katar sienna/y
Heartburn zgaga
Hepatitis A żółtaczka (zapalenie wątroby) typu A (pokarmowa)
Hepatitis B żółtaczka (zapalenie wątroby) typu B (wywoływane przez wirus zapalenia wątroby typu B (HBV))
History (medical) historia choroby
Hyperemesis gravidarum (I think) ostra odmiana tzw. mdłosci porannych w czasie ciąży


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PostSubject: I   Sun Feb 01, 2009 4:53 pm

Impairment, Renal impairment osłabienie, upośledzenie, uszkodzenie nerek
Influenza grypa
Inguinal hernia przepuklina pachwinowa
Inpatient pacjent, który pozostaje w szpitalu przez cały okres leczenia (pacjent, który nocuje w szpitalu)
Intake przyjmowanie(np. pożywienia), dawkowanie (leku)
Irritation podrażnienie


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PostSubject: J   Sun Feb 01, 2009 4:55 pm

Jaundice żółtaczka
Joint połączenie, złącze or staw


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PostSubject: K   Sun Feb 01, 2009 4:56 pm

Knee jerk odruch kolanowy
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PostSubject: L   Sun Feb 01, 2009 4:57 pm

Labour (before birth) poród


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PostSubject: M   Sun Feb 01, 2009 5:15 pm

Mastitis zapalenie sutka
Measles odra
Mid-stream urine środkowa część oddawanego moczu
Miscarriage poronienie
Mitral valve prolapse wypadanie zastawki mitralnej/dwudzielnej
Morbidity/ Source of morbidity zachorowalność, chorobowość/źródło zachorowań
Mottled centkowany, w plamy
Mumps świnka
Myocardial infarction zawał/atak serca/mięśnia sercowego


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PostSubject: N   Sun Feb 01, 2009 5:21 pm

Nasal polyps polipy nosowe/w nosie
Neonate (New born) noworodek
Nocturia moczenie nocne
Notification powiadomienie, zawiadomienie, zarejstrowanie
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PostSubject: O   Sun Feb 01, 2009 5:23 pm

Operating theatre sala operacyjna
Outpatient treatment leczenie pozaszpitalne
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PostSubject: P   Mon Feb 02, 2009 5:59 am

Pass urine/a kidney stone oddawać mocz/wydalać kamień nerkowy
Pathogen patogen, czynnik chorobotwórczy
Pertussis ksztusiec, koklusz
Postnatal pourodzeniowy
Prostration skrajne wyczerpanie


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PostSubject: R   Mon Feb 02, 2009 6:05 am

Rash wysypka
Rectum odbytnica
Referral to hospital skierowanie do szpitala
RhD negative czynnik Rh negatywny or Rh-
RhD positive (Rhesus factor positive) czynnik Rh pozytywny or Rh+
Rubella różyczka


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PostSubject: S   Mon Feb 02, 2009 8:14 am

Sanitation warunki sanitarne
Seizure atak (choroby)
Smallpox ospa (prawdziwa)
Sore/soreness obolały/bolesność
Specimen of urine próbka moczu
Starch skrobia
Stillbirth poród martwego płodu
Stroke udar
Stupor otępienie


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PostSubject: T   Mon Feb 02, 2009 8:25 am

Tachycardia częstoskórcz, tachykardia
Tenderness wrazliwość, bolesność
Terminal illness śmiertelna choroba
Termination of pregnancy przerwanie ciąży, aborcja
Tetanus tężec
The baby doesn’t THRIVE Dziecko sie nie ROZWIJA
Tonsillitis zapalenie migdałków
Twitch drgawka, konwulsja


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PostSubject: U   Mon Feb 02, 2009 8:27 am

Ultrasound ultradźwiek


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PostSubject: W   Mon Feb 02, 2009 8:30 am

Wheeze oddychać chrapliwie, rzezić
Withdrawal symptom ustąpienie objawów


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PostSubject: Re: Translation of Standard Terms - Polish   Today at 9:15 am

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