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 Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian

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Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian Empty
PostSubject: Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian   Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian Icon_minitimeFri Feb 06, 2009 8:35 am

Due to the success of the Polish interpretation of the standard medical terms we have now decided to get the Romanian translation. Like a Star @ heaven

Please find below a list of standard medical terms. As per the email sent to you, please provide your own translation for these terms as we are hoping to come up with a standard document in several languages.

The Medical terms we require to be translated are listed in bold on the left hand side of the page and there is a definition next to some in brackets should you need further clarification on what it actually means in English.

Please feel free to post a comment on the forum if you need any help as that is what it is here for!! As you will see from the Polish translation, there are a discussions and debates going on at the moment. Mad

Unfortunately there is no option of uploading a file on to the forum as yet so you can either post your translations directly on here or you can email a copy back to us at the office (for the attention of Jenny ) Please bear in mind that if you post your translations onto the forum, it gives others the opportunity to comment and correct any errors which is the whole point of this exercise!


(diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough))
PCV (Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine= agains pneumococcal infection that causes meningitis, ear infections, (otitis), pneumonia)
HIBb (Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a bacteria responsible for severe pneumonia, meningitis and other invasive diseases almost exclusively in children aged less than 5 years)
MenC (Protects against meningitis and septicaemia)
MMR (Measles, mumps and rubella)
IVP (Injection against the infection with the polio virus (infantile paralysis))
BCG (Vaccine against tuberculosis)
HepB (Vaccine against hepatitis B, to children whose mothers are Hepatitis B positive)

Amenorrhea (Stopping of menstruation)
Amniotic sac
(A protective, fluid-filled bag that surrounds the fetus)
Angina (Pain (due to an inadequate supply of blood) in the chest, brought on by exertion and relieved by rest- a narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle)
Antenatal (Prenatal)
Anti D (Injection for women with Rhesus negative)
Atherosclerosis (Accumulation of cholesterol and other fatty substances in the walls of arteries, causing them to narrow)

(temporary loss of consciousness or vision)
Blood count
(Test for the blood to check the red and/or white cells)
Blood pressure cuff(The pad that goes round one’s arm when BP is taken)
Bowels (the intestine)
Breakdown of a substance
Breech birth
(The fetus presents buttocks first)

(Ear wax)
Cervical smear test (is a screening test which allows doctors to predict those women who are likely to develop cancer of the neck of the womb (carcinoma of the cervix) in time to prevent it developing)
Cervix (Neck of the womb)
Chickenpox (a disease, commonly of children, caused by the varicella zoster virus and characterized by mild headache and fever, malaise, and eruption of blisters on the skin and mucous membranes)
Collapse (To fall with your face downwards)
Compulsive need
(contortion of the body caused by violent, involuntary muscular contractions of the extremities, trunk, and head)
Coronary angiography (A test to image narrowed arteries with the help of a catheter and contrast dye)
Cramps (a sudden, involuntary, spasmodic contraction of a muscle or group of muscles)
C-section (Caesarean section) (The baby is delivered through an incision through the mother’s abdomen)

(a low state of vital powers or functional activity)
Diphtheria (a febrile, infectious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and characterized by the formation of a false membrane in the air passages, esp. the throat)
Disorder (An ailment that affects the function of mind or body)
Drug abuse (Excessive use of drugs)

Ectopic pregnancy
(Pregnancy developed outside the uterus)
Embryo (The developing baby during the first 8 weeks)
Episiotomy (An incision made in the perineum to enlarge the birth opening and prevent a ragged tear)
Erysipelas (A contagious disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissues due to infection with a streptococcus – with redness and swelling of the skin)
Erythema multiforme (Redness of the skin due to congestion of capillaries)
Exertion (Physical effort)
Express milk (to press or squeeze out)

Failure Kidney failure
(A decline in strength or effectiveness of an organ)
Fetal distress (Physical stress experienced by a fetus during labour due to lack of oxygen)
Fetus (the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after conception to the moment of birth)
Fit (a sudden, acute attack or manifestation of a disease, esp. one marked by convulsions or unconsciousness: a fit of epilepsy)

Gall bladder
(a pear-shaped, muscular sac attached to the undersurface of the right lobe of the liver, in which bile is stored and concentrated)
Gums (he firm, fleshy tissue covering the alveolar parts of either jaw and enveloping the necks of the teeth)
Groin (The fold or hollow on either side of the front of the body where the thigh joins the abdomen)

Hay fever
(a type of allergic rhinitis affecting the mucous membranes of the eyes and respiratory tract, caused by pollen and other plants)
Heartburn (an uneasy burning sensation in the stomach, typically extending toward the esophagus, and sometimes associated with the eructation of an acid fluid)
Hepatitis A (The most benign, an inflammation of the liver cells – leaves no long-term side effects)
Hepatitis B (caused by HBV (hepatitis virus B))
History (medical) (the case history of a medical patient as recalled by the patient)
Hyperemesis (Severe vomiting during pregnancy with inability to keep any food or fluids down)

Impairment Renal impairment
(To weaken or damage)
Influenza (An acute contagious viral infection characterized by inflammation of the respiratory tract and by fever, chills, muscular pain, and prostration)
Inguinal hernia (a common type of hernia in which a loop of the intestine protrudes directly through a weak area of the abdominal wall in the groin region)
Inpatient (a patient who stays in a hospital while receiving medical care or treatment)
(A condition of inflammation, soreness, or irritability of a bodily organ or part.)

Twisted Evil

(yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes, etc., due to an increase of bile pigments in the blood, often symptomatic of certain diseases, as hepatitis)

Knee jerk
(Involuntary movement of the muscle)

(before birth) (concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child)

(Painful inflammation of breast tissue, usually due to an overfilling of the breast with milk)
Measles (An eruptive disease mostly in children, with red spots)
Miscarriage (The expulsion of a fetus before its due time)
Morbidity/ Source of morbidity (The rate of incidence of a disease.)
Mumps (An inflammatory disease, characterised by swelling of the parotid and salivary glands)
Myocardial infarction (Loss of blood supply to part of the heart due to a blockage in the coronary artery – heart attack)
Mid-stream urine
Mitral valve prolapse
(to mark or diversify with spots or blotches of a different color or shade)

Nasal polyps
(a projecting growth from a mucous surface, as of the nose, being either a tumor or a hypertrophy of the mucous membrane)
Neonate (New born)
Nocturia (Excessive urination at night)
Notification (Official registration)

Operating theatre
Outpatient treatment
(Treatment in hospital for a patient who is not hospitalized.)

Pass urine/a kidney stone
(to discharge or void from the body, as excrement or a kidney stone)
Pathogen (Any disease-producing agent)
Pertussis (A highly contagious disease of the respiratory system, usually affecting children, that is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis and is characterized in its advanced stage by spasms of coughing interspersed with deep, noisy inspirations)
Postnatal (After birth)
Prostration (extreme physical weakness or exhaustion)

Referral to hospital
(A paper given by the GP to send one to hospital)
Rubella (a usually mild contagious viral disease characterized by fever, mild upper respiratory congestion, and a fine red rash lasting a few days: if contracted by a woman during early pregnancy, it may cause serious damage to the fetus)
Rash (A skin eruption)
RhD positive (Rhesus factor positive) (Individuals either have or don’t have the Rhesus factor (or Rh D antigen) on the surface of their red blood cells. This is usually indicated by 'RhD positive' (does have the RhD antigen) or 'RhD negative' (does not have the antigen))
RhD negative

(the development and application of sanitary measures for the sake of cleanliness, protecting health;the disposal of sewage and solid waste)
Seizure (A sudden attack, spasm, or convulsion, as in epilepsy or another disorder)
(physically painful or sensitive)
Specimen of urine
(The delivery of a dead fetus after week 20 of the pregnancy)
Stroke (Also called apoplexy, cerebrovascular accident. Pathology. a blockage or hemorrhage of a blood vessel leading to the brain, causing inadequate oxygen supply and, depending on the extent and location of the abnormality, such symptoms as weakness, paralysis of parts of the body, speech difficulties, and, if severe, loss of consciousness or death)
Stupor (suspension or great diminution of sensibility, as in disease or as caused by narcotics, intoxicants)

(Recurrent episodes of rapid heart rate)
Tenderness (Pain)
Terminal illness
Termination of pregnancy
(an infectious, often fatal disease caused by a specific bacterium that enters the body through wounds and characterized by respiratory paralysis and tonic spasms and rigidity of the voluntary muscles, esp. those of the neck and lower jaw)
The baby doesn’t THRIVE (Doesn’t develop)
Tonsillitis (Inflammation of the tonsils)
Twitch (a quick, jerky movement of the body or of some part of it, involuntary, spasmodic movement of a muscle)

(The use of ultrasonic waves for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, specifically to image an internal body structure, monitor a developing fetus, or generate localized deep heat to the tissues.)

(to breathe with difficulty and with a whistling sound)
Withdrawal symptom (Need to withdraw from social encounters)


BP (Blood pressure)
BTW (Birth weight)
CAD (Coronary artery diseaseNarrowing of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the muscles)
CT (Computerised tomography)
CSC-section (Cesarian sectionan operation by which a fetus is taken from the uterus by cutting through the walls of the abdomen and uterus)
CVA (Cardiovascular accident)
CVC (Cardiovascular)
EFG (Encephalogram)
ECG (Electrocardiogram)
ENT (Ear, nose, throat)
FPC (Family planning clinic)
GIS (Gastro intestinal system)
GUS (Genito urinary system)
IVF (In vitro fertilisation)
MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)
OM (Otitis media)
PMB (Postmenopausal bleeding)
PND (Postnatal depression)
PROM (Premature rupture of membranes)
RS (Respiratory system)
RTA (Road traffic accident)
SEN (State enrolled nurse)
VD (Venereal disease = arising from, connected with, or transmitted through sexual intercourse, as an infection.)
XR (x-ray)

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Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian Empty
PostSubject: Translation from Forum Member   Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian Icon_minitimeFri Feb 20, 2009 5:40 am

Vaccinuri şi preparate injectabile

DTaP (difterie, tetanos, pertussis (tuse convulsivă))
PCV (pneumococice conjugate = vaccin împotriva pneumococice infecţie care provoacă meningită, infecţii ureche, (otită), pneumonie)
HIBb (Haemophilus influenzae tip b
(Hib) este o bacterie responsabilă severe de pneumonie, meningita si alte boli invazive, aproape exclusiv la copii cu vârsta mai mică de 5 ani)
MenC (protejează împotriva meningitei şi septicemie)
MMR (rujeolă, oreion şi rubeolă)
IVP (injecţie împotriva infecţiei cu virusul poliomielitic (paralizie infantilă))
BCG (vaccin împotriva tuberculozei)
HepB (vaccin împotriva hepatitei B, la copiii ale căror mame sunt Hepatita B pozitiv)
BOLI / Termeni medicali

Amenorrhea (Oprirea de menstruaţie)
Sac amniotic (A de protecţie, sac umplut cu fluid care înconjoară fătul)
Angină - Durere(datorită furnizarii unei cantitati inadecvate de sânge) în piept, exonerat de efort şi de repaus-o de la îngustarea arterelor care furnizează sânge la muschii inimii
Prenatală (prenatal)
Anti D ( injectie pentru femeile cu rhesus negativ)
aterosclerozei (acumularea de colesterol şi alte substanţe grase în pereţii arterelor, care le determină să îngust)

(pierdere temporară a conştienţei sau viziune)
Bladder - vezica urinara
Blood count – Hemoleucograma (Testul sangelui pentru depistarea nr. de celule albe si rosii
Bowel - Intestin (de intestin )
Breakdown of a substance – descompunerea (compozitia) unei substanţe
Breech birth - naştere (fătului prezintă fese primul)

(cerumen) - ceara urechii
Cervical smear test – frotiu de col uterin (este un test screening care permite medicilor să depisteze femeile care sunt susceptibile de a dezvolta cancer de col uterin;
Chickenpox -Vărsat de vânt (o boala frecvent la copii, cauzata de virusul varicella zoster şi caracterizata de o uşoară durere de cap şi febră, indispoziţie, erupţii cutaneo-mucoase caracterizate prin vezicule pline cu lichid
Collapse - prabusire
Compulsive need- nevoie compulsiva
Convulsion - (violenta contorsionare a corpului cauzata de contracţii musculare involuntare ale extremitatilor, trunchiului si capului)
Coronary angiography – angiografie coronariană (un test pentru a obtine imaginea arterei reduse cu ajutorul unui cateter şi substanta de contrast)
Cramps - crampe (contracţiebrusca, involuntara si spasmodică a unui muşchi sau a unui grup de muşchi)
C-secţiunea (secţiune cezariană) (Copilul este emis printr-o incizie facuta mamei in abdomenprintr-o metoda chirurgicala)

(status scazut al functiilor vitale sau activitatii functionale)
Diphteria - difterie (boala infectioasa cauzata de Corynebacterium diphtheriae şi este caracterizata prin formarea de false membrane in pasajul aerului, gatul )
Disorder - tulburări (O indispoziţie care afectează funcţia mintii sau corpului )
Drug abuse - abuzul de droguri (exces de droguri)

Ectopic pregnancy
- sarcina ectopica (Sarcina dezvoltata în afara uterului)
Embryo - embrion(dezvoltarea copilului în primele 8 săptămâni)
Episiotomy - epiziotomie (o incizie făcută în perineu pentru marirea deschizaturii la nastere şi previne ruperea tesutului )
Erysipelas - erizipel (o boală contagioasă a pielii şi a ţesuturilor subcutanate din cauza infecţiei cu un streptococ - cu roşeaţă şi umflături ale pielii)
Erythema multiforme – eritemul multiform (roşeaţă a pielii cauzata de congestia capilarelor)
Exertion – efort fizic
Express milk - exprimarea laptelui prin apasare sau stoarcere

Kidney failure
– blocaj renal (un declin în concentraţie sau eficacitatea unui organ)
Fetal distress – primejdie fetala (stres fizic experimentat de fat in timpul nasterii datorat lipsei de oxigen)
Fetus - fat (fatul nenascut de la varsta de 8 saptamani din momentul reproducerii pana la nastere)
Fit - acces sau criza (reactie brusca, atac acut sau manifestare unei boli, esp. marcat de convulsii sau de inconştienţă: un atac de epilepsie)

Gall bladder
- vezică biliară (o formă de pară, sac muscular atasat sub lobul drept al ficatului, in care bila este stocata si concentrata)
Gums - gingia (tesut ce acopera alveolele si deasemenea mandibula, numit coroana sau gatul dintilor)
Groin – Inghinal ( partea de sus a coapsei ce adera la abdomen)

Hay fever
- (un tip de rinite alergice care afecteaza mucoasa membranei ochilor şi a tractului respirator, cauzate de polen sau de alte plante)
Heartburn - pirozis (senzaţie de arsură în stomac, de obicei cu extindere spre esofag şi uneori asociata cu eructatii de lichid acidic)
Hepatita A (cele mai benigne, o inflamare a celulelor ficatului - nu lasă pe termen lung efecte secundare)
Hepatita B (cauzate de VHB (virus hepatitic B))
History - Istorie (medicala) - (istoria medicala a pacientului asa cum si-o aminteste sau cum o exprima)
Hyperemesis - (vărsături severe în timpul sarcinii, cu incapacitatea de a ingera orice aliment sau lichid )

Renal impairment
- Deficienta renala (insuficienta renala)- slaba functionare a rinichiului sau afectarea lui
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Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian Empty
PostSubject: Note Regarding Training Course   Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian Icon_minitimeTue Mar 31, 2009 9:29 am


Please contact Jenny at the office if you would like to attend
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Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian Empty
PostSubject: Medical Terminology   Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian Icon_minitimeTue Apr 07, 2009 10:41 am

Great term bank!
Note:Explanation of
Cervical smear test looks clampsy, the use of the word screening is not apropriate as is not a romanian word.
Screening-Radioscopie;Examen in masa a populastiei avind ca scop depistarea persoanelor bolnave sau predispuse la boala;metoda de identificare a unor compusi si avind insusiri farmacodinamice
Depresie would be Depression and translates Deprimare;Sindrom depresiv;Stare psihica caracterizata prin dispozitie trista
Cervix-Col Uterin
Ectopic Pregnancy-Sarcina abdominala extrauterina
Ectopic-Care are o pozitie anormala;heterotopic

The Acronyms would be the same in the medical understanding however the abreviations will be deifferent as all the words associated with the terminology start with different letters.
For example:
-Tensiune arteriala
Accident rutier
X-ray-Raze Roentgen

Hope that helps! Smile Smile

Thank you for reading!
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PostSubject: Re: Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian   Translation of Standard Medical Terms - Romanian Icon_minitime

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